Name: Thais da Rocha Cicero Pinto
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 20/12/2016
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Cândida Caniçali Primo Advisor *
Denise Silveira de Castro Co-advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Cândida Caniçali Primo Advisor *
Denise Silveira de Castro Co advisor *
Hugo Cristo SantAnna External Alternate *
Maria Cristina Ramos Internal Examiner *
Maria Edla de Oliveira Bringuente Internal Alternate *
Tania Vignuda de Souza External Examiner *

Summary: Introduction: Prematurity is the main cause of hospitalizations at neonatal units, andthe hospital release of the baby is an event that is potencially stressing to the parents, for being characterized by expectations and uncertainty. It is well known that the educational technologies contribute to the parent's process of teaching-learning, instructing about the most adequate ways to care and to respond to the needs of the child, diminishing stress, avoiding readmissions, and finding available resources in the community after the hospital release. Objective: To build and validate educational graphic animations about the homecare for the premature newborn. Method: This is
a methodological study done in three stages: Identification of the different aspects of the premature homecare; elaboration of an educational technology about the homecare for the premature newborn, based in the "Life Activities Model" of Roper, Logan and Tierney, and the validation of the content and the aesthetics done by specialist referees. To identify the different aspects of the care, an integrative revision was done in the LILACS and MEDLINE databases, using the descriptors: “nursing care, patient discharge, neonatal nursing, infant premature”, published in the period from January, 2011 to December 2015 in the languages Portuguese, English and Spanish. For the development of the graphic animation, there were four stages:
1) Storyboard; 2) Definition of objects; 3) Key pictures specification; and 4)
Generatoin of pictures between the key pictures. The two first stages correspond to the planning of the animation, while the later two consist in the effective production of the piece. Results: From the 53 selected articles, the premature newborn different types of care were extracted and grouped in twelve daily life activities. After that, a text script was prepared for the graphic animation, which also included the analysis of Neonatology text-books, the neonatal intensive care, and Neonatology handbooks of the Department of Health. For the production of the animations, three storyboards were produced. The first one is about activities: Maintaining a safe environment, mobilization, comunication, sleeping, working and having fun. The second one: Feeding and drinking, breathing and dying. And the third, the activities: Elimination, personal hygiene and clothing, and the body temperature control. In the third stage, the validation of the content and aesthetics of the storyboards was done with 22 specialists in the area of neonatology. All three storyboards had most of their items with an agreement rate of over 80%. The validation done using the reading of the storyboard enabled to view the need of changes in scenes and dialogs to a more clear and detailed way, taking in account that a few specific details could not be observed during the exibition of the animation. Conclusion: It is concluded that the graphic animations about the premature baby homecare can become a motivating and adequate alternative for health education in groups, once this technology will be used in the institution as a triggering device for dialog at the hospital release meetings. The technology is an innovation to the support of the teaching-learning process of parents and family members about the homecare of the premature baby.

Descriptors: Premature Baby; Educational Technology; Animation; Neonatal Nursing;

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