Name: Rosimere de Carvalho Lessa
Type: MSc dissertation
Publication date: 04/11/2015
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Maria Edla de Oliveira Bringuente Advisor *
Maria Helena Costa Amorim Co-advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Cândida Caniçali Primo Internal Examiner *
Luzimar dos Santos Luciano External Alternate *
Maria Edla de Oliveira Bringuente Advisor *
Maria Helena Costa Amorim Co advisor *
Roseane Vargas Rohr External Examiner *
Túlio Alberto Martins de Figueiredo Internal Alternate *

Summary: To build an educational technology in the form of a coloring primer, on the
relaxation technique for high-risk pregnant women and describe the application
process and validation of educational technology in the form of primer in high-risk pregnant women admitted in a school maternity. Methodology: This is a descriptive study of quantitative and qualitative nature, performed in the maternity of a teaching hospital, along with 25 high-risk pregnancies. The research was conducted in three stages. The first related to the Educational Technology building process, had different moments: 1) literature review and sensitive listening to high-risk pregnant women looking to apply the relaxation technique, according to Benson, to the reality of pregnant women, using as data collection tool the field journal; 2) the structure of the object image (the pregnant performing all the steps of relaxation exercises), built up the basic elements for the elaboration of the drawings. The second stage
consisted of the implementation of educational technology with pregnant women, using a sensitivity and creativity workshop. And the third is related to the technology validation by study participants. It was used in quantitative data collection instruments: structured interview; measurement of Trait Anxiety and State Anxiety (IDATE). For qualitative data, field journaling, planning the sensitivity and creativity workshop with every step. In the quantitative analysis, it was used the statistical software IBM SPSS version 21, and the content analysis according to Bardin, for qualitative data. Results: average numbers shows young age and low education levels; with first sexual intercourse and first pregnancy with an average of 17 years old. During hospitalization subjects showed fear of death and baby loss and high
levels of anxiety. There was a decrease in levels of anxiety and stress of the study population, by achieving the relaxation exercises five times a day, for 48 hours. The Educational Technology applied at three different times reduces the level of anxiety, with p values <0.001, corroborating with quantitative and qualitative analysis evaluated by study participants. Conclusions: Educational Technology in the form of coloring primer in relaxation technique presented itself as an effective tool in reducing anxiety and stress levels in high-risk pregnant women. Validation of Educational Technology, both quantitative and qualitative data evaluated by participants corroborated the evidence of its effectiveness.

Keywords: Educational Technology, Relaxation, high-risk pregnant women

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